首页 学报新闻学报概况编委会专家库学术影响投稿指南审核流程标准规范下载专区投诉邮箱联系我们EngLish
 位置:首页 >> 正文
3种粘虫幼虫对4种寄主植物的取食选择
作者:  婷1 2  芊2 蒋显斌2  炎3 陈玉冲4 符诚强2 吴碧球3 
黄所生3
  成3 黄凤宽3 龙丽萍2* 
单位: (1广西大学 农学院 南宁 530004 2广西农业科学院 水稻研究所/广西水稻遗传育种重点实验室 南宁 530007  
关键词: 东方粘虫 劳氏粘虫 淡脉粘虫 寄主植物 取食选择 
分类号:S433.4
出版年,卷(期):页码:2017,48(8):1415-1420
摘要:

【目的】探讨3种粘虫各龄幼虫对4种寄主植物的取食选择行为,为粘虫的预测预报及防治提供理论依据。【方法】采用叶碟改进法分别测试3种粘虫(东方粘虫、劳氏粘虫和淡脉粘虫)在4种寄主植物(玉米、水稻、甘蔗和稗草)上的取食选择性,分别于接虫后6和24 h记录幼虫对各植物的选择数量。【结果】3种粘虫各龄幼虫在接虫后6和24 h时对4种寄主植物的取食选择率均有变化。在24 h时,东方粘虫各龄幼虫对玉米的选择率均显著高于其他3种寄主植物(P<0.05,下同),其中1龄和2龄幼虫对玉米的选择率分别高达82%和89%;劳氏粘虫1~6龄幼虫偏好取食玉米,其中1龄、2龄和3龄幼虫对玉米的选择率均超过50%,分别为78%、70%和55%,显著高于对其他3种寄主植物的选择率;淡脉粘虫1~6龄幼虫均偏好取食水稻,其中2~4龄幼虫对玉米和水稻的选择率差异不显著(P>0.05)。【结论】3种粘虫各龄幼虫对4种寄主植物的取食选择存在差异,3种粘虫对玉米和水稻的取食选择性强,对甘蔗和稗草的取食选择性较弱;东方粘虫和劳氏粘虫低龄幼虫喜食玉米,淡脉粘虫低龄幼虫嗜食水稻和玉米,高龄幼虫的取食选择性不如低龄幼虫明显。

【Objective】In order to provide scientific basis for prediction and control of armyworms, the present experiment was conducted to investigate feeding preference of Mythimna separata(Walker), Leucania loreyi(Duponchel) and Leucania roseilinea(Walker) larvae at each instar to four species host plants viz. maize, rice, sugarcane and barnyard grass. 【Method】In this study, feeding preference of three species armyworm larvae to four species host plants was evaluated by leaf disc method. And the number of larvae selection for each plant was recorded at 6 and 24 h after insect inoculation respectively. 【Result】The results showed that the feeding preference of larvae at each instar of the three species armyworm varied at 6 and 24 h after insect inoculation. All the instar larvae of M. separata preferred maize most at 24 h observation time, of which the feeding preference rates of 1st instar and 2nd instar reached as high as 82% and 89%. And the feeding preference rates of 1th-6th instar larvae to maize were significantly higher than those to the other three species host plants(P<0.05, the same as below).Larvae of 1st-6th instar of L. loreyi preferred to feed on maize, the feeding preference rates of 1st instar, 2nd instar and 3rd instar larvae to maize exceeded 50%(78%,70% and 55% respectively) which were also significantly higher than those to the other three species host plants. L. roseilinea 1th-6th instar larvae showed feeding preference to rice. While the feeding preference rates of 2nd to 4th instar larvae to rice and maize had no significant differences with each other(P>0.05). 【Conclusion】The results suggest that the larvae at each instar of three species armyworm show different feeding preference to different host plants. All the three species larvae prefer maize and rise most, while the selectivity of them to sugarcane and barnyard grass is weak. Young larvae of M. separata and L. loreyi prefer maize and young larvae of L. roseilinea prefer rice and maize. The feeding preference of older larvae to host plants is not as strong as that of young larvae.

基金项目:
国家自然科学基金项目(31560510,31360437);公益性行业(农业)科研专项项目(201403031);广西农业科学院基本科研业务专项项目(2017YM19)
作者简介:
*为通讯作者,龙丽萍(1965-),博士,研究员,主要从事农业害虫综合防治研究工作,E-mail:longlp@sohu.com。蒋婷(1990-),研究方向为农业昆虫与害虫防治,E-mail:657978256@qq.com
参考文献:
服务与反馈:
文章下载】【加入收藏
总浏览数:7873468 今日总人数: 5275
主办:广西农业科学院    地址:广西南宁市大学东路174号   邮政编码:530007  
电话:(+86)-771-3243905; (+86)-771-3244920   电子邮箱:gxny@163.net  
Copyright © 2011 Nfnyxb.com, All Rights Reserved  版权所有©2011《南方农业学报》编辑部